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Common Natives (for western OR & WA)

Trees

Deciduous:
Alder (Red or white)
Aspen (Quaking)
Big Leaf Maple
Bitter Cherry
Crab Apple
Cottonwood
Madrone
Oak (Garry)
Oregon Ash

 

Pacific Dogwood

Conifer:
Douglas Fir
Grand Fir
Ponderosa Pine (Will. Valley)
Sitka Spruce
Western Redcedar
Western Hemlock


Mid-Large Shrubs

Full Day Sun:
Black Hawthorne
Serviceberry

Evergreen Huckleberry*
Mock Orange
Ninebark
Ocean Spray
Oregon Grape – aquifolium*
Red Flowering Currant (other Ribes)
Rose species
Wax Myrtle*

Partial Day Sun:
Black Hawthorne
Cascara
Serviceberry
Black Huckleberry
Evergreen Huckleberry*

 

Hairy Manzanita*
Ninebark
Ocean Spray
Oregon Grape – aquifolium*
Red Flowering Currant (other Ribes)
Red or Yellow Twig Dogwood
Rose species
Snowberry
Twinberry
Vine Maple
Western Trumpet Honeysuckle

Full Day Shade:
Indian Plum
Red Elderberry
Red Huckleberry
Western Hazelnut
Vine Maple


Low Shrubs and Ferns

Full Day Sun:
Kinnikinnick*

Partial Day Sun:
Kinnikinnick*
Oregon Grape – nervosa*
Salal*
Sword Fern*

 

Other Fern species

Full Day Shade:
Oregon Grape – nervosa*
Oval-Leafed Blueberry
Salal*
Sword Fern*
Other Fern species


Perennials

Full Day Sun:
California Poppy
Camas
Coast Strawberry
Columbia Lewisia
Columbine
Douglas Aster
Glacier Lily, Fawn Lily (Erythronium)
Grass, Rush and Sedge species
Iris
Lupine – Big Leaf and River
Oregon Sunshine
Paintbrush species
Pearly Everlasting
Penstemon species
Sedum species
Yarrow

Partial Day Sun:
Coast Strawberry
Columbine
Dog Bane
Glacier Lily, Fawn Lily (Erythronium)
Goat’s Beard
Golden Rod

 

Lupine – Big Leaf and River
Paintbrush species
Tiger Lily
Wood Strawberry
Wintergreen species

Full Day Shade:
Bunchberry
Candy Flower
Evergreen Violet
False Lily-of-the Valley
Fringe Cup
Inside-Out Flower
Miner’s Lettuce
Solomon’s Seal species
Trillium
Twin Flower
Vanilla Leaf
Western Bleeding Heart
Wild Ginger
Wintergreen species
Wood Sorrel (Oxalis)
Wood Strawberry
Wood Violet


Note 1. The asterisk (*) means evergreen. This designation not used in the Perennial section because many of these plants stay green, but die back in the winter. Trees and shrubs are "woody" plants, while the perennials are vascular (non-woody) and tend to die back in winter.

Note 2. In the Mid-Large Shrub section, Black Hawthorne, Cascara and Serviceberry are listed. Botanically they are classified as shrubs, though most of us would consider them small trees growing to 20-30'. They make excellent Street Trees for narrow park strips or low wires and fit superbly in urban and suburban lots!

How to Use this List – While there are many other native plants, here we list species that are commonly found in our fields and forests, are available commercially, and tend to fare well when planted in urban and suburban yards. The list is ordered by height, starting with trees and then descending to large shrubs, small shrubs and herbaceous perennials (which some folks may consider as “groundcovers”). We suggest you place your larger plants first, keeping in mind the views you want to preserve or block, then fill in with the next level plant, and so on, down to the perennial layer.

Within each category (except Trees) is Full Sun, Part Sun and Full Shade. Many plants can accommodate more than one of these regimes. Select accordingly.

This list is intended has an introductory list, though suitable in and of itself to create a vibrant native landscape. For specific considerations, such as create a hedge or dealing with a wet site, or mixing with edibles or walkable plants, etc., please contact the store.

For a tutorial on how-to convert to a native landscape, there is an excellent on at PlantNative (www.plantnative.com).

Thanks for your interest and support and have fun with your “restoration creation”!

The Livingscape Team

 

 
 
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